Medication Distribution Models

State of Pharmacy Automation 2018 - Vol. 15 No. 8 - Page #52

Pharmacy’s focus on optimizing ADC inventory has paid strong dividends in terms of improving operational efficiency. The point-of-care distribution model is the most commonly utilized and lauded approach for accomplishing the goals of providing reliable medication access while retaining control and reducing waste. A hybrid approach that incorporates some of the benefits from centralized and satellite distribution methods is also popular among larger facilities.

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Centralized: 80% or more of inpatient beds receive medications from the central pharmacy, and/or robot/carousel is the main dispensing platform to unit dose carts

Decentralized, supported by satellite pharmacy: 80% or more of inpatient beds receive medications from satellite pharmacies and/or ADCs restocked from satellite pharmacies

Point-of-care model: 80% or more of inpatient beds receive medications from ADCs on the patient unit, which are restocked from central pharmacy

Hybrid: a combination of dispensing methods, meeting none of the conditions above


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